Hair loss is one of the most common problems facing people around the world. While the numbers are not known, estimates say that 60% of all men and 50% of all women experience some form of hair loss. As a result, a simple Google search for hair loss presents more than 718 million results. People use a number of methods to solve the hair loss problem. Some use some over-the-counter drugs like Rogaine to deal with the problem. However, surgical methods are usually more recommended. In this article, we will look at the various methods of hair transplant.
What is a Hair Transplant?
Hair transplant is a process through which doctors move hair that you already have to fill an area where you are experiencing loss. The first known hair transplant procedure was carried out in Japan in the 1930s. Skin doctors in the United States have been doing hair transplants since the 1950s.
How Hair Transplants Work
As mentioned, a hair transplant is a process in which doctors remove hair from one body part and move it to the balding area. To do this, the skin specialist first sterilizes the area where the patient wants to be removed. This sterilization makes the area numb so that the patient won’t feel the pain. After this, the doctor carries out the transplant. There are two main types of hair transplant; follicular unit transplantation (FUT) and follicular unit extraction (FUE).
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
This process is also known as the follicular unit strip surgery. Skin specialists follow the following steps to do it.
- After sedation, the doctor removes about 6-10 inches of your scalp. In most cases, the scalp is removed from the back of your head.
- They then use stitches to ‘seal’ the area where the scalp was removed.
- The doctor and their assistants then work on the scalp. They separate the scalp strip into smaller pieces that are known as grafts.
- The doctor and the assistants then make small holes where you are balding. This is where the hair will be transplanted.
- They then insert the hairs into those holes in a process known as grafting.
- Finally, they bandage the surgical sites.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
This process takes four steps.
- After being sedated, the doctor shaves the hair on the back of your head.
- The doctors then take each follicle out of the scalp of the skin.
- The team will then make some small holes on your balding area. They will then graft the follicles there.
- Finally, they cover the areas with a bandage.
How Long Does a Hair Transplant Take to Heal?
The entire process of a hair transplant takes a few hours to complete. As a patient, you don’t need to be admitted to the hospital unless of complications. However, you will feel some pain, which is worth it. After a few weeks, the transplanted hair will start to fall out. This is a normal part of the process. You will start seeing your fresh hair grow again within a few months. After the surgery, you need to do a few things. First, wait for a few days before you wash your head. Second, avoid brushing your hair at this stage. Third, avoid intensive exercise for about a week or two. Finally, it is not recommended for you to wear a cap.
Are There Side Effects to Hair Transplant?
There are no serious side effects of hair transplant. However, since a surgical procedure has been done on you, you can expect a few side effects. Some of these are:
- Scalp pain
- Crust drainage
Summary and the Cost of Hair Transplant
This depends on the hospital that you visit. However, the price ranges between $4,000 and $15,000. Therefore, if you are struggling financially, a hair transplant should not be your biggest priority. If you really need it, we recommend that you do a lot of research to find affordable doctors in your city.